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Croatia Military


Croatian military is officially called Armed Forces of the Republic of Croatia (Oružane snage Republike Hrvatske – OSRH) and it consists of the Croatian Army (Hrvatska Kopnena Vojska), the Croatian Navy (Hrvatska Ratna Mornarica) and the Croatian Air Force and Defence (Hrvatsko Ratno Zrakoplovstvo i Protuzračna Obrana)

Male citizens are no longer subject to compulsory military service starting January 1, 2008. However, the last generation of 2007 servicemen was also spared of compulsory service by an act from then Minister of Defence Berislav Rončević.

The Commander-in-Chief of all Croatian armed forces in peace and war is the President of the Republic. The Commander-in-Chief prescribes the organisation of the Croatian Armed Forces at the proposal of the Chief of General Staff, with consent of the Minister of Defence.

The Armed Forces consist of peacetime and wartime component. The peacetime component is composed of active military officers, civil servants and employees in the Croatian Armed Forces, cadets, and conscripts serving a 6-month national service and reservists when on military exercise. The wartime component of the Armed Forces is additionally composed of all other reservists.

The General Staff is part of the Ministry of Defence in charge of commanding, training and use of the Armed Forces. It also has a number of units under its direct command, including the Special Operations Battalion, Honour Guard Battalion and several others.

In peace, the Commander-in-Chief exercises his command through the Minister of Defence. In war and in cases where the Minister of Defence is not fulfilling orders, the Commander-in-Chief exercises his command directly through the General Staff Commander.

The Croatian Parliament exercises democratic control over the Armed Forces by adopting defence strategy, defence budget and defence laws.

On April 1, 2009 Croatia joined NATO and is also an official candidate country to become the 28th member of the European Union. The Croatian Armed Forces participate in many military aspects of both organisations as well as actively participate in many UN peacekeeping operations worldwide.


Military branches :
Armed Forces of the Republic of Croatia (Oruzane Snage Republike Hrvatske, OSRH), consists of five major commands directly subordinate to a General Staff: Ground Forces (Hrvatska Kopnena Vojska, HKoV), Naval Forces (Hrvatska Ratna Mornarica, HRM; includes coast guard), Air Force and Air Defence Command, Joint Education and Training Command, Logistics Command; Military Police Force supports each of the three Croatian military forces (2009)

Military service age and obligation :
18-27 years of age for compulsory military service; 16 years of age with consent for voluntary service; 6-month conscript service obligation; full conversion to voluntary military service by 2010 (2006)

Manpower available for military service :
males age 16-49: 1,035,712
females age 16-49: 1,037,896 (2008 est.)

Manpower fit for military service :
males age 16-49: 770,798
females age 16-49: 849,957 (2009 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually :
male: 27,620
female: 26,154 (2009 est.)

Military expenditures :
2.39% of GDP (2005 est.)





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