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Croatia Transportations


Transportation in Croatia relies on several main modes, including transport by road, rail, water and air. Road transport incorporates a comprehensive network of state, county and local routes augmented by a network of highways for long-distance travelling. Highways totalled 29,248 km in 2008, including 877 km of expressways.

Rail transport is fairly developed, with dual track and electrification not very common, although high-speed tilting trains are used on some routes. Croatia's railroads consist of two main routes. An east-west route originating in Serbia nearly parallels the Sava before reaching Zagreb and continuing on to Slovenia and Hungary. The north-south route connects the coastal cities of Split and Rijeka to Zagreb. Another railway connects Dubrovnik to Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2009, there were 2,722 km of railroads. Some lines, however, remain inoperative or out of use due to territorial dispute.

Water transport can be divided into sea, based on the ports of Rijeka, Ploče, Split and Zadar, and river transport, based on Sava, Danube and, to a lesser extent, Drava. There are 785 km of perennially navigable inland waters; Vukovar, Osijek, Sisak and Vinkovci are the principal inland ports. In 2008, Croatia had 80 ships of at least 1,000 GRT.

As of 2009, there were 68 airports, of which 23 had paved runways, five of which are international. Principal airports include Dubrovnik, Split, and Pleso at Zagreb. In 2001, 1,063,900 passengers were carried on scheduled domestic and international flights. Croatia also has several airlines, of which the most notable is Croatia Airlines.


Airports :
68 (2009)

Airports - with paved runways :
total: 23
over 3,047 m: 2
2,438 to 3,047 m: 6
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 4
under 914 m: 9 (2009)

Airports - with unpaved runways :
total: 45
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 7
under 914 m: 37 (2009)

Heliports :
1 (2009)

Pipelines :
gas 1,327 km; oil 583 km (2009)

Railways :
total: 2,722 km
standard gauge: 2,722 km 1.435-m gauge (985 km electrified) (2009)

Roadways :
total: 29,248 km (includes 877 km of expressways) (2008)

Waterways :
785 km (2008)

Merchant marine :
total: 80
by type: bulk carrier 25, cargo 11, chemical tanker 3, passenger/cargo 30, petroleum tanker 8, refrigerated cargo 1, roll on/roll off 2
registered in other countries: 30 (Bahamas 1, Belize 2, Liberia 2, Malta 9, Marshall Islands 6, Panama 3, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7) (2008)
Ports and terminals Omisalj, Ploce, Rijeka, Sibenik, Vukovar (on Danube River)





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